Why Arthroscopic Surgery?
Arthroscopy can be used to both diagnose and treat the cause of joint pain if physical examination, laboratory texts, X-rays, scans and conservative treatments prove inconclusive or ineffective.
How Arthroscopic Surgery Works
A pencil-thin (or smaller) arthroscope equipped with an extra-articular camera head enters the joint through a small incision in the skin, while surgical instruments enter through one or more similar incisions strategically placed according to the area of intervention and type of procedure planned. Via the camera head, the doctor is able to clearly see the joint bones as well as the cartilaginous and ligamentous structures on a screen, enabling accurate diagnosis and treatment of the presenting issue.
Normally arthroscopic surgery requires only local or regional anesthesia and a sedative, making it an outpatient procedure.