Phalangeal Fractures

Fracture dorsal base middle phalanx little finger

Avulsion fracture distal phalanx flexor digitorum profundus little finger. Avulsion fracture profundus tendon little finger

What is a Finger Fracture?

A Finger Fracture refers to a break in one of the phalanges, the small bones that comprise the fingers and thumb.  The broken bone may move out of place due to the force of the injury, or the bone may just have a crack in it and stay in place.

Symptoms of Finger Fracture

Pain, swelling, and bruising are common.  Moving the finger is usually painful and difficult.  The finger may look crooked if the bone has moved out of place.

Common Causes of Finger Fracture

Any direct trauma to the finger, such as a blow or twisting injury, can cause a fracture.  This can occur in several sports, such as in Football, Basketball, Baseball and Soccer.  Finger Fracture is also seen in the martial arts, such as Tae Kwon Do, Karate, and Jujitsu.  Falling onto the hand can also cause Finger Fracture.

Diagnosing Finger Fracture

Speaking with you about how your finger was injured and a careful physical exam are important.  An x-ray will confirm the diagnosis of Finger Fracture, which bone (or bones) are involved, and whether the broken bone has moved out of place.  It is usually not necessary to obtain a CT or MRI.

Treatment Options for Finger Fracture

Promptly treated, simple Finger Fractures, that have not moved out of place or can be pushed back into place, can generally be managed by splinting, following by taping and occupational therapy.  Finger Fractures that are unstable or significantly misaligned may require surgery to restore correct position and alignment, using very fine metal pins, screws, or plates.

If you’re suffering from symptoms similar to those of a Finger Fracture, call hand surgeon Dr. Pruzansky for an consultation today at 212-249-8700.